The double-stranded form of cucumber mosaic virus-associated RNA 5 has been purified and further characterized. Its molecular weight determined by sedimentation equilibrium is 2.15 · 105. The buoyant density calculated from its symmetrical distribution in Cs2SO4, following isopycnic ultracentrifugation, is 1.615 g/cm3. The sedimentation rate of double-stranded cucumber mosaic virus-associated RNA 5 is slightly greater than that of cucumber mosaic virus-associated RNA 5; its electrophoretic mobility in polyacrylamide gel (2.4%) is less than that of cucumber mosaic virus-associated RNA 5. By the above standards the double-stranded cucumber mosaic virus-associated RNA 5 preparations used were found to be homogeneous in size as well as density. Thermal denaturation monitored by means of ultraviolet light absorption produced multitransitional denaturation profiles. The average melting temperature (Tm) was 88°C in 0.1 × SSC. Monotransitional denaturation profiles and slightly higher Tmvalues were obtained when resistance against ribonuclease digestion was measured. These denaturation experiments and other properties led to the conclusion that double-stranded cucumber mosaic virus-associated RNA 5 and the double-stranded form of peanut stunt virus-associated RNA 5 are small double-stranded nucleic acids with several homostable base-pair regions, characterized by distinct G + C contents and Tmvalues. © 1979.
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