Levels of IFN-γ, IL-2 and IL-4 were measured in vitro during the course of non-lethal Plasmodium chabaudi adami and lethal P. chabaudi strain 1309 infections in BALB/cByJ mice. Spleen cells from mice infected with the non-lethal Plasmodium had a higher initial response to P. chabaudi antigens than mice infected with P. chabaudi strain 1309, as determined by measuring all three lymphokines. We conclude that both Th1 and Th2 subsets of T helper lymphocytes are activated during P. chabaudi adami infection but that these responses are suppressed in mice infected with the more virulent P. chabaudi strain 1309. © 1990.
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