Derivation of the nonlinear hydrodynamic equations using multi-mode techniques

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Abstract

A general mode-mode coupling theory is developed for the microscopic mass, energy and momentum densities of a simple classical fluid. A projection operator method is employed to derive a generalized Langevin equation that contains nonlinearities of all orders with both convective and dissipative terms. A general nonequilibrium ensemble average, which contains local equilibrium as a special case, is employed to derive nonlinear transport equations that are nonlocal in both space and time. The nonlinear Euler and Navier-Stokes equations are recovered using a factorization procedure based on an inverse system size approximation. We show that in the context of mode-mode coupling theory, nonlinearities of all orders must be retained to derive the full nonlinear transport equations. We also slow that the space and time dependent nonequilibrium pressure and transport coefficients are functions of the nonequilibrium mass and internal energy densities. The thermodynamic closure relationships follow as a natural consequence of mode-mode coupling theory. For a system linearly displaced from equilibrium we demonstrate the role of the corrections to our factorization approximation in renormalizing the transport coefficients. © 1988.

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Kavassalis, T. A., & Oppenheim, I. (1988). Derivation of the nonlinear hydrodynamic equations using multi-mode techniques. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and Its Applications, 148(3), 521–555. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-4371(88)90085-4

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