Diffusion of Pb in carbon ion-implanted silicon: Discovery of a new crystalline phase after electron beam annealing

  • Markwitz A
  • Baumann H
  • Davy P
 et al. 
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A novel phase has been discovered by dual low-energy ion implantation and high vacuum electron beam annealing. (100) p-type Si was implanted with (a) 20 keV12C+ions to the fluence of 6 × 1016cm-2and (b) 7 keV Pb+ions to the fluence of 4 × 1015cm-2. The12C ion implantation results in an understoichiometric shallow SiCxlayer that intersects with the surface. The implanted Pb ions decorate a shallow subsurface region. High vacuum electron beam annealing at 1000 °C for 15 s using a temperature gradient of 5 °C s-1leads to the formation of large SiC nanocrystals on the surface with RBS measurements showing Pb has diffused into the deeper region affected by the12C implantation. In this region, a new crystalline phase has been discovered by XRD measurements. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Electron beam annealing
  • Ion implantation
  • Novel SixCyPbzphase
  • Pb diffusion
  • SiC nanocrystals

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