A method for the preparation of P1 DNA is presented, which allows the direct sequencing of ends of inserts in genomic P1 clones using the Applied Biosystems 373A DNA Sequencer and the Dye Terminator sequencing methodology. We surveyed several common methods of DNA preparation including alkaline lysis, Triton-lysozyme lysis, CsCl density-gradient purification, and a commercial column matrix DNA purification kit manufactured by Qiagen. We found that a modified alkaline lysis preparation of P1 DNA was most successful for generating P1 DNA that could be sequenced directly. We also noted that the host bacterial strain from which the P1 DNA was purified dramatically affected the quality of sequencing templates. The bacterial strains NS3145 and NS3529, in which the Drosophila melanogaster and human P1 genomic libraries are harbored, routinely yielded poor-quality sequencing templates. However, the bacterial strain DH10B routinely yielded P1 DNA that was sequenced successfully. A bacterial mating scheme is presented that exploits γδ transposition events to allow the transfer of P1 clones from the library host strain to DH10B. Using either an SP6 or a T7 primer, an average of 350 base pairs of DNA sequence was obtained with an uncalled base frequency of ∼2%. About 4% of P1 end sequences generated corresponded to unique Drosophila loci present in the Genbank database. These single-pass DNA sequences were used to design sequence-tagged site markers for physical mapping studies in both humans and Drosophila. © 1994.
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