Porphobilinogen oxygenase and horseradish peroxidase show dual oxygenase and peroxidase activities. By treating porphobilinogen oxygenase with phenylhydrazine in the presence of H2O2both activities were inhibited. When horseradish peroxidase was treated in the same manner only the peroxidase activity was lost while its oxygenase activity toward porphobilinogen remained unchanged. The phenylhydrazine treatment alkylated the prosthetic heme group of porphobilinogen oxygenase and N-phenylheme as well as N-phenylprotoporphyrin IX were isolated from the treated hemoprotein. In horseradish peroxidase the modified heme was mainly 8-hydroxymethylheme. The apoproteins of the alkylated enzymes were isolated and recombined with hemin IX. The oxygenase and peroxidase activities of porphobilinogen oxygenase were entirely recovered in the reconstituted enzyme, while the reconstituted horseradish peroxidase regained 75% of its peroxidase activity. © 1991 Academic Press, Inc.
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