We have investigated the effects of electron density discontinuity on the transports of edge currents of two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG). The electric field applied to a gate, which covers the 2DEG partially, gives rise to change in the carrier density and results in a density gradient, which deforms the edge currents. The transverse and longitudinal resistances were measured as functions of gate voltage VGin the quantum Hall regime. The deviations of the longitudinal resistances from the normal quantum Hall resistances are attributed to the reflections of the edge currents under the influence of the abrupt density discontinuity. A switching behavior of the transverse resistance by controlling the gate voltage was observed when VG=-2.2 and -2.0 V for magnetic field H=5 and 7.2T, respectively. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Seo, Y., Eom, B., Yu, I., Park, K., & Lee, S. (2004). Edge current switch of two-dimensional electron gas using carrier density control. Solid State Communications, 130(6), 391–395. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2004.02.023