The effect of heat treatment and irradiation on some physical properties of lithium borate glass containing transition elements

  • Soliman A
  • Aly S
  • Frhan H
 et al. 
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The effect of introducing iron, nickel and cobalt oxide on some physical properties investigated in this article. The electrical conductivity has a higher value in samples containing 1 mol% transition metal oxides. The conductivity decreased as the content of transition metal oxide increased up to 5 mol% which was due to the change of Fe 2+ to Fe 3+ and increase of Co and Ni ions in octahedral state. The effect of heat treatment on the conductivity measurements shows a decrease in the conductivity values for glass samples with increasing the heat treatment time up to 72 h. This decrease could be attributed to the change in the structure of the glass samples. The investigation of radiation doses with the electrical conductivity concluded that the conductivity increased with increase the irradiation doses. The reason of that may be due to increasing the number of vacancies and vacancy interstitial pairs which are created. The magnetic susceptibility measurements showed an increase in the magnetic susceptibility as Fe 2 O 3 and NiO were increased. While for samples containing CoO the magnetic susceptibility changed due to the change in coordination number of the Co ions. The effect of heat treatment on magnetic susceptibility of the investigated samples concluded that the magnetic susceptibilities have a random behavior with increasing time of heat treatment. By investigating irradiation doses with a magnetic susceptibility it was found that the increase of irradiation dose promotes a tendency to change the magnetic susceptibility values. This change can be related to the presence of structure defects and impurities in the samples before irradiation.

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  • A.A. Soliman

  • S.A. Aly

  • H. Frhan

  • Y.M. Abo-Zeid

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