Effect of Nb doping on the relaxor behaviour of (Pb0.75Ba0.25)(Zr0.70Ti0.30)O3ceramics

  • Adamczyk M
  • Ujma Z
  • Szymczak L
 et al. 
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Strong influence of niobium admixture added to the lead-barium-zirconate-titanate ceramics of a chosen composition Ba/Zr/Ti 25/70/30 on grain structure, dielectric, and pyroelectric properties was confirmed. The Nb-modified ceramics exhibit classical relaxor ferroelectric behaviour similar to other complex lead perovskites such as lead-lanthanum-zirconate-titanate-type ceramics. Additional anomalies in ε′(T) curves in low frequency range were observed in the paraelectric phase for undoped ceramics. These anomalies and some disturbances in regularities typical for the relaxor ferroelectric behaviour in the vicinity of diffuse ferroelectric-paraelectric phase transition in undoped PBZT ceramics are eliminated by the Nb admixture. An attempt at a quantitative explanation is presented in the paper. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • (Pb,Ba)(Zr,Ti)O3
  • Dielectric properties
  • Ferroelectric properties
  • Perovskites

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  • M. Adamczyk

  • Z. Ujma

  • L. Szymczak

  • I. Gruszka

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