We examined the effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), (R)-(+)-arachidonyl-1'-hydroxy-2'-propylamide ((R)-methanandamide, AM 356), SR 141716, and d-amphetamine on fixed-ratio (FR) responding maintained by food in rats before and during daily dosing with Δ9-THC. Rats responded under a FR 10 schedule of food reinforcement. Cumulative dose-response curves for the various drugs were determined before and during daily Δ9-THC administration. All four drugs dose-dependently decreased responding both before and during daily dosing with Δ9-THC (18 mg/kg/day). The dose-response curves for both Δ9-THC and (R)-methanandamide were shifted to the right with daily dosing with Δ9-THC, indicating tolerance to the effects of Δ9-THC and cross-tolerance to the effects of (R)-methanandamide. The doses of d-amphetamine examined produced similar effects both before and during daily dosing with Δ9-THC. The effects of SR 141716 were not consistently altered by daily Δ9-THC administration. These results indicate that tolerance develops to the effects of Δ9-THC, when Δ9-THC is administered repeatedly. These results also indicate that cross-tolerance to (R)-methanandamide develops with repeated Δ9-THC administration. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
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