We study the dynamical properties of ultracold fermions in one-dimensional optical superlattices by using the adaptive time-dependent density matrix renormalization group method. The system is repulsive Hubbard model with an two-site periodic superlattice potential. Owing to superlattice structure, the ground-state states become the Mott-type insulating state at quarter-filling and band-type insulating state at half-filling, respectively. We clarify the dynamical properties of time evolution when the system is non-adiabatically changed to another lattice structure (i.e., the superlattice potential is suddenly changed to a normal one). In the case of Mott-type insulating state at quarter-filling, the time evolution exhibits a profile similar to that expected for single atom. On the other hand, we clarify the dynamical properties of a band-type insulating state at half-filling. The strongly-correlated interaction an unusual pairing of fermions induced the pair hopping process. We further address the robustness of pair hopping process and possibility of superconductivity by using sudden change from superlattice structure to normal one. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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