Automated parallel synthesis with multivariate analysis was employed in the optimization of a Pd-catalyzed three-component cascade reaction of 7-buta-2,3-dienyl-1,3-dimethyl-3,7-dihydropurine-2,6-dione with iodobenzene and morpholine (see Scheme 1). Initially a range of reaction factors were analyzed using experimental design to optimize for selectivity, conversion, and impurity levels. Solvents and bases were screened separately as the substantial number of discrete variables involved is unsuited to the fractional factorial design used. Instead, a solvent principal component analysis (PCA) model was used in selection of solvents for screening, so gaining maximum variation in solvent properties. Similarly, tertiary amines were chosen by pKa for screening as bases alongside inorganic salts. This investigation yielded twofold results, not only in enhancement of the reaction selectivity, but since significantly dierent findings were obtained on changing the solvent, the importance of the sequence of experimentation is also emphasized. © 2004, Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening. All rights reserved.
Ross, K., & Grigg, R. (2004). The Enhancement of Stereoselectivity of a Pd-Catalyzed Three-Component Cascade Reaction Using Parallel Synthesis and Multivariate Analysis. Journal of Laboratory Automation, 9(3), 103–108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jala.2004.04.001