The discovery of dendritic cells (DCs) as professional antigen presenting cells has opened up new possibilities for their use in the development of tumor vaccines. We investigated the effect of the CD8α+DCs loaded with heat-treated tumor lysate (HTL) as a vaccine in tumor immunotherapy. The HTL loaded CD8α+DCs, TL loaded CD8α+DCs and unloaded CD8α+DCs were subcutaneously injected in the fibrosarcoma-bearing mice. The splenocyte proliferation and the shifting of Th1/Th2 response were measured. The results indicated a significant increase in the lymphocytes proliferation and the IFN-γ production in the test group of mouse splenocytes. According to the results, HTL loaded CD8α+DCs vaccine significantly decreased tumor growth and longer survival than the other immunized animals. These findings show that anti-tumor immune response against the fibrosarcoma can be induced by HTL loaded CD8α+DCs and may provide a useful therapeutic model for development of approaches to tumor treatments. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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