A growth window for the Mn effusion cell temperature (TMn) is demonstrated for epitaxial Mn-doped ZnO (MnZnO) thin films grown on sapphire substrates using molecular-beam epitaxy. Within the growth window, the films are ferromagnetic with the largest saturated magnetization occurring at TMn=700 °C. The Curie temperature of these MnZnO diluted magnetic semiconductor thin films is above room-temperature. The ferromagnetism is weakly anisotropic. Well-resolved near-band-edge photoluminescence emissions dominate the spectra at both low- and room-temperatures. No evident spin polarization on the carriers was detected with the magneto-photoluminescence studies. Magnetoresistance and anomalous Hall effects of the MnZnO thin films were studied. The anomalous Hall coefficient shows a quadratic dependence on the resistivity. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Yang, Z., Zuo, Z., Zhou, H. M., Beyermann, W. P., & Liu, J. L. (2011). Epitaxial Mn-doped ZnO diluted magnetic semiconductor thin films grown by plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy. Journal of Crystal Growth, 314(1), 97–103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2010.11.059