In this paper, an analysis of the vacancy-wind factors occurring in the expression relating interdiffusion and tracer diffusion coefficients in ternary (and higher-order) alloys is provided for the first time. It is shown that for the ternary alloy the vacancy-wind factors occur as a matrix of four elements. The diffusion kinetics formalism developed by Manning for a random alloy is used to find closed-form expressions for the vacancy-wind factors in terms of the tracer diffusion coefficients. These reduce to the well-known expression for the vacancy-wind factor occurring in the expression relating interdiffusion and tracer diffusion coefficients in the binary random alloy. The more recent self-consistent diffusion kinetics formalism of Moleko, Allnatt and Allnatt (which is near exact) is also used to calculate the vacancy-wind factors from the tracer diffusion coefficients. It is found that the off-diagonal vacancy-wind factors can actually be negative with high absolute values. Accordingly, the use of the Darken approach (which ignores the off-diagonal phenomenological coefficients) to modelling of the interdiffusion process would then give an incorrect direction of the cross-terms in the corresponding interdiffusion flux expressions. Tracer diffusion data in the ternary Cu-Fe-Ni and Cu-Ni-Zn systems are used to calculate the vacancy-wind factors in these systems. Crown Copyright © 2006.
Belova, I. V., & Murch, G. E. (2007). Expressions for vacancy-wind factors occurring in interdiffusion in ternary and higher-order alloys. Acta Materialia, 55(2), 627–634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2006.08.055