Expressions for vacancy-wind factors occurring in interdiffusion in ternary and higher-order alloys

  • Belova I
  • Murch G
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Abstract

In this paper, an analysis of the vacancy-wind factors occurring in the expression relating interdiffusion and tracer diffusion coefficients in ternary (and higher-order) alloys is provided for the first time. It is shown that for the ternary alloy the vacancy-wind factors occur as a matrix of four elements. The diffusion kinetics formalism developed by Manning for a random alloy is used to find closed-form expressions for the vacancy-wind factors in terms of the tracer diffusion coefficients. These reduce to the well-known expression for the vacancy-wind factor occurring in the expression relating interdiffusion and tracer diffusion coefficients in the binary random alloy. The more recent self-consistent diffusion kinetics formalism of Moleko, Allnatt and Allnatt (which is near exact) is also used to calculate the vacancy-wind factors from the tracer diffusion coefficients. It is found that the off-diagonal vacancy-wind factors can actually be negative with high absolute values. Accordingly, the use of the Darken approach (which ignores the off-diagonal phenomenological coefficients) to modelling of the interdiffusion process would then give an incorrect direction of the cross-terms in the corresponding interdiffusion flux expressions. Tracer diffusion data in the ternary Cu-Fe-Ni and Cu-Ni-Zn systems are used to calculate the vacancy-wind factors in these systems. Crown Copyright © 2006.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Correlation factors
  • Interdiffusion
  • Multicomponent alloys
  • Ternary alloys
  • Vacancy-wind effect

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Authors

  • I. V. Belova

  • G. E. Murch

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