Using a multispecies model of Ebenman for the dynamics of a discretely reproducting population that consists of noncooperation between juveniles and adults which the adults species diffuses between two patches, we obtain exclusion principles by Lyapunov function methods, and show that a species persists whenever all of its carrying capacities are sufficiently large. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Tang, S., & Xiao, Y. (2001). Extinction and persistence in discrete noncooperative systems with age-structure and diffusion. Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 33(8–9), 895–905. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0895-7177(00)00288-0