We consider the dimer approach to the generalized Hubbard model. As a first step we solve the dimer eigenvalue problem exactly. We decompose the dimer Hamiltonian HDinto a set of commuting partial Hamiltonians HD(α)(α = 1, 2, ..., 16) ascribed to each dimer energy level where each HD(α)is represented in the second quantization. This procedure gives us a review of important two-site interactions, normally hidden in the original dimer Hamiltonian HD, several of them describing a competition between magnetism and superconductivity but belonging to different dimer energy levels. This feature is, however, a source of new problems discussed in the paper and connected with the practical use of the mean field approximation in the case of a real lattice. As a next step, we consider the decomposition of the real lattice into a set of interacting dimers to explicitly show that the competition between magnetism and superconductivity is a common feature of all electronic lattice models. This competition should be necessarily taken into account in practical calculations of the thermodynamics of such models. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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