Fine low density silica powders prepared by supercritical drying of gels derived from silicon tetrachloride

  • Heley J
  • Jackson D
  • James P
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Abstract

Silica gels were prepared by the hydrolysis of silicon tetrachloride in pure water or in a tetrahydrofuran/water solution; hydrolysis in an ammonia/water solution yielded precipitated silica. After solvent transfer in acetone followed by supercritical point drying using liquid carbon dioxide, aerogel powders with high surface areas (up to 900 m2/g) and low tapping densities (down to 0.040 g/cm3) were produced. The powders were characterised by transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and infrared spectroscopy. © 1995, All rights reserved.

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Authors

  • J. R. Heley

  • D. Jackson

  • P. F. James

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