The use of membrane tubing for the introduction of reagents for the determination of phosphate in waters by flow injection analysis was studied. The use of membranes eliminates the need for confluence points in the design of flow injection manifolds. This increases the sensitivity of the manifold by providing a sufficient reagent excess for the reaction without diluting the sample. Methods for the introduction of acid, molybdate and hydrazine were devised for the determination of phosphate by the Molybdenum Blue method. Several membranes were examined and Nafion and Accurel (microporous polypropylene) were found to be most useful. Molybdate introduction was achieved using a supported liquid membrane (SLM). Calibration was linear and a detection limit of 12 ppb phosphate (4 ppb phosphorus) was obtained. © 1994.
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