Functional expression of α-latrotoxin in baculovirus system

  • Volynski K
  • Nosyreva E
  • Ushkaryov Y
 et al. 
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To facilitate the study of the mechanism of α-latrotoxin action, it is necessary to create a biologically active recombinant toxin. Mature α-latrotoxin is naturally produced by post-translational cleavage, probably at two furin sites located at the N- and C-termini of the precursor. A recombinant baculovirus has now been constructed, which encodes the melittin signal peptide fused to the 130-kDa mature toxin between the furin sites. Insect cells, infected with this baculovirus, secreted recombinant α-latrotoxin. This was partially purified and proved indistinguishable from the natural toxin with respect to its molecular mass, immunostaining, toxicity to mice, binding to α-latrotoxin receptors (latrophilin or neurexin Iα) and electrophysiological recording in the mouse diaphragm. The successful expression of recombinant α-latrotoxin permits mutational analysis of the toxin. Copyright (C) 1999 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Baculovirus
  • Expression
  • Latrophilin
  • Neurexin
  • α-Latrotoxin

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