The greater strength of arginine: Carboxylate over lysine carboxylate ion pairs implications for the design of novel enzymes and drugs

  • Wigley D
  • Lyall A
  • Hart K
 et al. 
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The rational design of enzyme catalysts for chiral chemistry and of drugs which bind to proteins would be facilitated if rules for the recognition of one partner by the other could be formulated. This communication suggests and tests one generalization: arginine forms a tighter ion pair with a carboxylate group than does lysine and is always used for ion-pairs which are not broken during turnover in naturally-occurring enzymes. © 1987.

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  • Dale B. Wigley

  • Andrew Lyall

  • Keith W. Hart

  • J. John Holbrook

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