Heat transfer in a conical cylinder with porous medium

  • Ahmed N
  • Badruddin I
  • Zainal Z
 et al. 
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In this paper, numerical study of heat transfer in a conical annular cylinder fixed with saturated porous medium is presented. The heat transfer is assumed to take place by natural convection and radiation. The inner surface of conical cylinder is maintained at uniform wall temperature. The governing partial differential equations are non-dimensionalised using suitable non-dimensional parameters and then solved by using finite element method. The porous medium is divided using triangular elements with uneven element size. A computer software is used to solve the coupled momentum and energy equations in an iterative manner. The results are discussed for various values of geometric and physical parameters of porous medium with emphasis on cone angle of the cylinder. It is seen that the cone angle plays a vital role in heat transfer from the hot surface to porous medium. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Cone angle
  • Conical cylinder
  • FEM
  • Natural convection
  • Porous media
  • Radiation

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