The purpose of this work was to determine the molecular nature of the idiotypic Ig of a B cell tumor, 2C3, involved in the induction of anti-idiotypic cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). We previously reported that hyperimmunization of mice with irradiated 2C3 cells provides effective tumor protection by inducing MHC class I-restricted CTL. Due to the enormous heterogeneity of the splenic CTL further study could not be undertaken on the idiotype (Id)-CTL interaction. Subsequently an anti-idiotypic CTL line, A102, and a highly Id-specific CTL clone, 102.F5, have been developed. In the present investigation we report that the processed forms of idiotypic determinants are responsible for induction and activation of these specific effector CTL. Inhibition studies using anti-TcR and anti-MHC class I mAbs showed that the TcR-CD3 complex of the anti-idiotypic CTL recognized 2C3 Id in the context of MHC class I antigens. The cytotoxicity of these CTL could not be inhibited with affinity-purified 2C3 Ig used as such or after pulsing with splenic antigen-presenting cells (APC). Furthermore, using brefeldin A (BFA) and chloroquine (CLQ), which are specific inhibitors of cytosolic and endosomal antigen processing pathways, respectively, it has also been observed that exposure of 2C3 to BFA but not CLQ prevents its cytolysis by both anti-idiotypic CTL line and clone. These results clearly indicate that endogenously produced idiotypic determinants of 2C3 Ig are processed in pre-Golgi vesicle, possibly in the ER, along with MHC class I antigens and then are transported to the membrane. Treatment of 2C3 with BFA, however, did not exert any effect on the expression of membrane-associated Ig of 2C3 cells. Therefore, it is the processed form rather than the bona fide receptor Ig on the cell surface that is recognized by the Id-specific CTL. © 1992.
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