Influence of chronic alcohol consumption on inward rectifier potassium channels in cerebral arterioles

  • Sun H
  • Zhao H
  • Sharpe G
 et al. 
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Abstract

Inward rectifier potassium (KIR) channels appear to play an important role in the regulation of cerebral blood flow. Our goal was to examine the influence of chronic alcohol exposure on KIRchannels in cerebral arterioles. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed liquid diets with or without alcohol for 8-12 weeks. Using intravital microscope, we measured diameter of pial arterioles in response to an inhibitor, BaCl2, and an activator, KCl, of KIRchannels in the absence and presence of a scavenger of reactive oxygen species, tempol, or an inhibitor of NAD(P)H oxidase, apocynin. Application of BaCl2(30 and 100 μM) produced dose-related vasoconstriction in non-alcohol-fed, but not in alcohol-fed rats. In addition, application of KCl (3, 10, and 30 mM) produced dose-related dilation in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats, but the magnitude of vasodilatation was less in alcohol-fed rats. In contrast, nitroglycerin-induced vasodilation was similar in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. Superfusion of cranial window with tempol (0.1 mM) or apocynin (1 mM) did not alter baseline diameter and nitroglycerin-induced dilation of pial arterioles in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats but significantly improved impaired KCl-induced dilation in alcohol-fed rats. Our findings suggest that chronic alcohol consumption impairs the role of KIRchannels in basal tone and KCl-induced dilation of cerebral arterioles. In addition, impaired KCl-induced dilation of cerebral arterioles during alcohol consumption may be related to enhanced release of oxygen-derived free radicals via NAD(P)H oxidase. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Cerebral circulation
  • NAD(P)H oxidase
  • Oxidative stress
  • Potassium channel

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Authors

  • Hong SunSchool of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University,

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  • Honggang Zhao

  • Glenda M. Sharpe

  • Denise M. Arrick

  • William G. Mayhan

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