Inhibition of CCK or carbachol- stimulated amylase release by nicotine

  • Chowdhury P
  • Hosotani R
  • Rayford P
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Abstract

This study was undertaken to investigate the mechanisms of action of nicotine on receptor mediated enzyme secretion in isolated rat pancreatic acini. Acinar cells were isolated from untreated and nicotine treated rats collagenase digestion and differential centrifugation. Cells from the untreated animals were incubated with either varying concentrations of nicotine (range 10μM to 30 mM) or with a fixed dose of 10 mM nicotine with varying concentrations of carbachol(10nM to 100 μM). Cells from the nicotine treated animals(16 weeks in drinking water) were incubated with either a fixed dose of CCK-8(10-10M) or carbacho(10-5M). All incubations were conducted at 37 C for 30 min. Amylase released in the media was measured by spectrophotometry. In pancreatic acinir cells isolated from control rats, amylase release stimulated by carbachol was inhibited by nicotine. Acinar cells isolated from rats treated with nicotine at nicotine concentrations of 1.23 mM also showed significant inhibition of amylase release in response to CCK-8 and carbachol compared to their identical controls. Nicotine induced inhibition curves of amylase release stimulated by carbachol were non-parallel suggesting that the effect of nicotine on acinar cells is regulated by mechanisms other than carbachol receptors. Nicotine may have a direct inhibitory effect on the intracellular mechanisms of pancreatic enzyme secretion. We conclude that the mechanism by which nicotine inhibits pancreatic enzyme secretion is complex. © 1989.

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Authors

  • Parimal Chowdhury

  • Ryo Hosotani

  • Phillip L. Rayford

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