Both ristocetin-induced aggregation in the presence of human factor VIII and bovine factor VII-induced aggregation of washed normal human platelets were inhibited or reversed by the addition of heparin or dextran sulfate. These actions of dextran sulfate were stronger than those of heparin, and dependent on the sulfur content sulfate. In order to study the mechanism of actions of dextran sulfate and heparin, the affinity chromatographic experiment of factor VIII in human and bovine plasma, respectively, was carried out by using a dextran sulfate- and a heparin-Agarose column. Both human and bovine factor VIII have a strong affinity for dextran sulfate with high sulfur content and a weak affinity for heparin, but no affinity for dextran sulfate with low sulfur content. From these results, it is suggested that dextran sulfate or heparin binds directly the human and bovine factor VIII, which is an essential factor for the maintenance of the weak interplatelet bonds, and either inhibits or reverses the platelet aggregation. © 1979.
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