Intracavity laser spectroscopy with an ion-doped, solid-state Tm3+:YAG laser

  • Mehdizadeh E
  • Lunine J
  • Atkinson G
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The wavelength region over which high-sensitivity absorption measurements can be obtained via intracavity laser spectroscopy (ILS) is significantly expanded by utilizing a vibronic, solid-state laser, Tm3+:YAG laser, operating near 2.0 μm. Pumped by the 785-nm output of a Ti:sapphire laser, the bandwidth, intensity, and temporal properties of the Tm3+:YAG laser are quantitatively examined with respect to the spectroscopic requirements underlying ILS measurements of weak absorption features. Parasitic etalon fringes appearing on the output of the Tm3+:YAG laser are analyzed and eliminated by systematically changing the laser resonator length (i.e., piezo-electric modulation of the folding mirror position). Several CO2absorption lines appearing near 2 μm were used to evaluate the ILS performance of Tm3+:YAG laser by measuring the wavelength-resolved intensity of the ILS laser output as a function of (i) the CO2concentration at a fixed effective optical path length (i.e., fixed generation time or tg) and (ii) the tgvalue at a fixed CO2concentration. The enhancement factor attributable to ILS is found to be 1.8×104and the absolute value of the absorption coefficient for the 2.0129 μm CO2feature is found to be 1.31×10-21cm2, in excellent agreement with the previously reported value of 1.40×10-21cm2. These Tm3+:YAG results can be generalized to other vibronic solid-state lasers operating in the 1-3 μm region and are of special interest for ILS measurements of absorption transitions in molecules of astrophysical and planetological interest.

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