Pseudomonas aeruginosa is known to have an inducible uptake system for the enterobacterial siderophore enterobactin. In this work we have examined iron transport mediated by the biosynthetic precursor 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid and N-(2,3-dihydroxybenzoyl)-l-serine, a breakdown product of enterobactin. Iron complexed with 2,3-dihydroxybenzoyl-L-serine was transported into P. aeruginosa IA1 via a transport system which is energy-dependent and iron-repressible. The rate of transport was not altered by growing the cells in the presence of either pyoverdin or pyochelin, which have been shown previously to induce transport via that system. Growth of the cells in the presence of enterobactin did cause an increase in the rate of transport, indicating that the complex can be transported by the inducible enterobactin uptake system, but also that a separate system must exist. In contrast, transport of iron complexed with 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid was neither iron-repressible nor strongly energy-dependent, from which we conclude that there must be a novel mode of transport not characteristic of iron-siderophore transport systems. © 1995.
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