Introduction and objectives. The usefulness of STsegment elevation resolution (STR) for predicting epicardial reperfusion is well established. However, it is still not clear how ST-segment changes are related to microvascular obstruction (MVO) observed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods. The study involved 85 consecutive patients admitted for a first STEMI and treated by pPCI who had a patent infarct-related artery. An ECG was recorded on admission and 90 min and 6, 24, 48 and 96 h after pPCI. Thereafter, STR and the sum of ST-segment elevation (sumSTE) in all leads were determined. Results. Overall, CMR revealed MVO in 37 patients. In infarcts with MVO, sumSTE was greater both before and after revascularization than in infarcts without MVO (P=.001 at all times). In contrast, there was no significant difference in the magnitude of STR between infarcts with and without MVO 90 min after revascularization (P=.1), though there was after 6 h (P3 mm 90 min after pPCI was an independent predictor of MVO on CMR, while an STR ≥70% was not (odds ratio=3.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-8.4; P=.02). Conclusions. MVO was associated with a significantly increased sumSTE at all times after revascularization. The difference in the magnitude of STR between infarcts with and without MVO was significant only >6 h after revascularization. The best predictor of MVO was a sumSTE >3 mm 90 min after pPCI. © 2010 Sociedad Española de Cardiología.
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