In this study, a method is presented based on mass spectroscopy to measure the areal density of deuterium on a graphite surface exposed to tokamak discharges. The studied sample was cut from a bumper limiter exposed in the TEXTOR tokamak and annealed by a 1 J Excimer laser (KrF). The energy used was 400 mJ cm-2, which is below the threshold for ablation, 1 J cm-2. The release of HD and D2was measured by a mass spectroscopy set-up and no other species released from the sample were detected in this experiment. The amount of D released from the sample after 20 laser pulses was measured to 7 × 1016D atoms per cm-2(for this particular sample) and most of the hydrogen at the surface was released in the first pulse, as checked by nuclear reaction analysis (NRA) techniques, which gave changes of the amount of deuterium before and after laser annealing. The sensitivity in this experiment was 5 × 1014atoms per cm-2for HD and 5 × 1013atoms per cm-2for D2. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Åkermark, T., Emmoth, B., & Bergsåker, H. (2006). Laser annealing in combination with mass spectroscopy, a technique to study deuterium on tokamak carbon samples, a tool for detritiation. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 359(3), 220–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2006.09.001