A new case of bacterial septic shock caused by an erythrocyte concentrate contaminated with Y. enterocolitica was observed recently. Along with this case, eighteen more cases of this syndrome, 70 % of which were fatal, are reviewed here. Data analysis indicates that blood contamination was the consequence of an asymptomatic bacteriemia in apparently health carriers of Y. enterocolitica. Growth of these bacteria was favored by preservation of the erythrocyte concentrate at 4°C. © 1989.
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