Low temperature STM/STS studies on MgB2

  • Xu M
  • Xiao Z
  • Takano Y
 et al. 
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Abstract

Scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy (STM/STS) experiments on a high-density sintered MgB2surface were performed at 4.2 K, using a low temperature STM. The intrinsic superconducting density of states (DOS) was obtained in the tunneling spectra exhibiting the BCS-shaped characteristic with a metallic background. A double-gap structure, with the gap values of ΔL=9.5 meV and ΔS=4.0 meV, was clearly observed in the local tunneling spectra. The result supports the multiple-gap model in MgB2in the clean limit. The proximity effect was observed in the present conductance spectra and experimentally confirmed to be due to the Ar+ion sputtering. The origin of the varied energy gap values reported in surface-sensitive STS measurements on MgB2was also discussed in detail. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Magnesium diboride
  • Multi-gap superconductivity
  • Proximity effect
  • Scanning tunneling spectroscopy

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Authors

  • M. Xu

  • Z. Xiao

  • Y. Takano

  • T. Hatano

  • D. Fujita

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