The low-temperature heat capacity and ideal gas thermodynamic properties of isobutyl tert-butyl ether

  • Druzhinina A
  • Dorofeeva O
  • Varushchenko R
 et al. 
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Abstract

The heat capacities of isobutyl tert-butyl ether in crystalline, liquid, supercooled liquid, and glassy states were measured by vacuum adiabatic calorimetry over the temperature range from (7.68 to 353.42) K. The purity of the substance, the glass-transition temperature, the triple point and fusion temperatures, and the enthalpy and entropy of fusion were determined. Based on the experimental data, the thermodynamic functions (absolute entropy and changes of the enthalpy and Gibbs free energy) were calculated for the solid and liquid states over the temperature range studied and for the ideal gas state at T = 298.15 K. The ideal gas heat capacity and other thermodynamic functions in wide temperature range were calculated by statistical thermodynamics method using molecular parameters determined from density-functional theory. Empirical correction for coupling of rotating groups was used to calculate the internal rotational contributions to thermodynamic functions. This correction was found by fitting to the calorimetric entropy values. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adiabatic calorimetry
  • Heat capacity
  • Isobutyl tert-butyl ether
  • Thermodynamic functions

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