The synthesis and solution conformation of the macrocycle cyclo(-2-Ala)23 is presented. The compound 3 contains two alanine and two molecules of the novel pseudoamino acid 2-aminomethyl-2'-carboxymethylbiphenyl 2, in the ring. A phthalimido-protected derivative of 2 is obtained in three steps from diphenic anhydride. The compound 2 is coupled to H-AlaOCH3and the resulting 'dipeptide' dimerizes at the conditions of an azide coupling to 3 (20%). The macrocycle 3 exists in three diastereomeric forms 3A, 3B and 3C. which can be separated by HPLC. The form with R,S configuration of the biphenyl groups has C1symmetry (3C). The one- and two-dimensional1H-NMR data of 3C support a structure where the biphenyl groups are orientated in an orthogonal arrangement. One alanine is in an equatorial C7conformation, the other alanine is part of a stretched peptide chain. The forms 3A and 3B with C2, symmetry exist probably as equilibrating structures in solution. The NMR data can be explained with β-sheet conformations as well as with more bent structures containing γ -loops. © 1989.
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