The magnetic, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), infrared (ir), and optical properties of the orthorhombic (x ≤ 0.20) and monoclinic (x = 0.28) phases of (MoxV1-x)2O5have been measured and interpreted. The magnetic data are interpreted in terms of a ligand-field model in which the octahedral2T2gterm of V4+is split by the combined perturbations of axial distortion and spin-orbit coupling, with the result that the2T2gterm is split into a magnetic ground level, a weakly magnetic intermediate level, and a magnetic highest level. The g-values and linewidth data are in good agreement with the magnetic results. The susceptibility and EPR studies indicate that the paramagnetic centers are deep-donor V4+OMo6+pairs and that the oxygen symmetry is more nearly octahedral in the monoclinic phase. The ir spectra indicate a weakening of the shortest metal-oxygen bond in the monoclinic phase, and the optical spectra show a concomitant increase in the octahedral component of the ligand field in this phase. The implications of these results for oxidation catalysis by (MoxV1-x)2O5are discussed. © 1979.
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