Measurement of the activation cross section for the (p,xn) reactions in niobium with potential applications as monitor reactions

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Abstract

Excitation functions of the 93Nb(p,n)93mMo, 93Nb(p,pn)92mNb and 93Nb(p,αn)89Zr nuclear reactions were measured up to 17.4 MeV by the conventional activation method using the stacked-foil technique. Stacks were irradiated at different incident energies on the TR19/9 cyclotron at the Edmonton PET Centre. The potential of the measured excitation functions for use as monitor reactions was evaluated and tested by measuring activity ratios at a different facility. Single Nb foils were irradiated at incident energies in the range from 12 to 19 MeV on the TR19/9 cyclotron at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Results are compared with the published data and with theoretical values as determined by the nuclear reaction model code EMPIRE. © 2008 Elsevier B.V.

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Avila-Rodriguez, M. A., Wilson, J. S., Schueller, M. J., & McQuarrie, S. A. (2008). Measurement of the activation cross section for the (p,xn) reactions in niobium with potential applications as monitor reactions. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 266(15), 3353–3358. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2008.05.015

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