No metabolic suppression in the djungarian hamster or rat by injections of plasma from the winter-sleeping brown bear

  • Karjalainen M
  • Hohtola E
  • Hissa R
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1. 1|According to the 'hibernation induction trigger' (HIT) theory, a chemical exists in the blood of hibernating or winter-sleeping animals that can induce hibernation and even affect body temperature and the activity of non-hibernators. However, results of studies on this subject are rather ambiguous. 2. 2|In this study, plasma from winter-sleeping European brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos) was injected into Djungarian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) and laboratory rats (Sprague-Dawley) to test its ability to induce changes in the body temperature and activity of the recipients. 3. 3|The measurements were performed using radio telemetry. 4. 4|In all trials, the plasma had no effects on the body temperature or activity of the recipients. 5. 5|Our results suggest that there is no universal HIT-substance in the plasma of the European brown bear. © 1994.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Brown bear
  • hibernation induction trigger
  • winter sleep

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  • Minna Karjalainen

  • Esa Hohtola

  • Raimo Hissa

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