A new model of the transient internal damping (ID) associated with the emission and movements of dislocations around particles in metal matrix composites (MMCs) is developed. These movements on which the proposed model is based are mainly induced during thermal cycles by the internal stress field around particles, which results from the thermal expansion mismatch between particles and matrix. First, from this thermally induced internal stress field, calculated by the Eshelby method, and the critical shear stress opposing the motion of dislocations in their glide plane in the matrix, the number and positions of punched-out dislocations are determined as a function of temperature. Second, the actual positions due to the superposition on the thermal stress field of the alternating shear stress associated with the pendulum oscillations are calculated by a perturbation method. Then the internal damping is derived from the contribution of the dislocation movements to the inelastic strain over a period of oscillation. The role of the experimental parameters is investigated. This simulated ID is compared with experimental results obtained in the case of aluminium-based MMCs. A good agreement between simulated and experimental IDs is found. © 1994.
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