This paper is concerned with a predator-prey model possessing a non-monotonic conversion rate. The main purpose is to determine the multiple existence and stability of positive steady-state solutions to this system. The results show that if the parameter d is suitably large, then the system contains an S-shaped global bifurcation curve with respect to a bifurcation parameter. That is, the system has two or three positive solutions for a suitable range of parameters. Moreover, the stability of positive solutions on this curve is also given. If d is properly small, both uniqueness and non-uniqueness results can occur. The main tools used here include the bifurcation theory, the Lyapunov-Schmidt procedure, and the perturbation technique. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Nie, H., & Wu, J. (2009). Multiplicity and stability of a predator-prey model with non-monotonic conversion rate. Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, 10(1), 154–171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nonrwa.2007.08.020