Near-net-shape forming of 316L stainless steel powder is investigated under hot isostatic pressing (HIPing). A stainless steel powder compact and an insert were encapsulated by a stainless steel container and hot isostatically pressed to produce an axisymmetric near-net-shape part. To simulate densification and deformation of a powder compact in the container during HIPing, the constitutive model of Abouaf et al., and that of McMeeking and co-workers were implemented into a finite element analysis. The thickness effect of the container on densification was also studied for the axisymmetric part during HIPing. Densification of a three-dimensional asymmetric part during HIPing was also investigated by comparing finite element calculations with experimental data by Eisen et al. © 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Jeon, Y. C., & Kim, K. T. (1999). Near-net-shape forming of 316L stainless steel powder under hot isostatic pressing. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 41(7), 815–830. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7403(98)00053-8