N-Aryl-N′-hydroxyguanidines are compounds that display interesting pharmacological properties but their chemical reactivity remains poorly investigated. Some of these compounds are substrates for the heme-containing enzymes nitric-oxide synthases (NOS) and act as reducing co-substrates for the copper-containing enzyme Dopamine β-Hydroxylase (DBH) [P. Slama, J.L. Boucher, M. Réglier, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 316 (2004) 1081-1087]. DBH catalyses the hydroxylation of the important neurotransmitter dopamine into norepinephrine in the presence of both molecular oxygen and a reducing co-substrate. Although many molecules have been used as co-substrates for DBH, their interaction at the active site of DBH and their role in mechanism are not clearly characterized. In the present paper, we have used a water-soluble copper-N3S complex that mimics the CuBsite of DBH, and aromatic N-hydroxyguanidines as reducers to address this question. N-Aryl-N′-hydroxyguanidines readily reduced copper(II) to Cu(I) and were oxidized into a nitrosoamidine as previously observed in reactions performed with purified DBH. These data describe for the first time the reactivity of N-aryl-N′-hydroxyguanidines with a water-soluble copper(II) complex and help to understand the interaction of co-substrates with copper at the active site of DBH. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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