A novel arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) with asymmetric configuration is proposed. In this configuration, the length of the output slab region, the width and the spacing of the output waveguides are unequal to the corresponding parts of the input ones. Compared to a conventional symmetric AWG, the asymmetric AWG proposed in this paper has a smaller size without degrading its performance The analytic method used in a conventional symmetric AWG is extended to the asymmetric AWG. A design example of an asymmetric AWG with low insertion loss, low channel crosstalk and wide bandwidth is presented. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Chen, Q., Huang, X. G., & Xu, W. (2007). A novel asymmetric arrayed waveguide grating with different lengths of input/output slabs. Optics Communications, 269(1), 89–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2006.07.029