Novel p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor R-130823 protects cartilage by down-regulating matrix metalloproteinase-1,-13 and prostaglandin E2production in human chondrocytes

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Abstract

In order to study the involvement of mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 in osteoarthritis, we investigated the effect of novel p38 inhibitor R-130823 {2-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(1-phenethyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl) -3-(pyridin-4-yl)-1H-pyrrole} on human chondrocytes and bovine cartilage. In human primary chondrocytes, the production of matrix metalloproteinase-13 and -1 (MMP-13 and -1) and prostaglandin E2(PGE2) was induced by interleukin-1β. Pretreatment with R-130823 inhibited the release of MMP-13, MMP-1 and PGE2with IC50values of 20, 230 and 3.9 nM, respectively. The inhibitory activity was also confirmed by a decrease in MMP-13 release from human chondrosarcoma cell line SW1353 with an IC50value of 17 nM. Ribonuclease protection assay on human primary chondrocytes indicated that MMP-13 and MMP-1 mRNA levels almost reached the maximum 14 h after IL-1 stimulation, while cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA quickly reached the maximum 4 h after the stimulation. R-130823 down-regulated the steady-state levels of MMP-13 and MMP-1 mRNA with IC50values of 4.2 and 79 nM, respectively. The COX-2 mRNA level was also suppressed with an IC50value of 21 nM. In the explant culture of bovine nasal cartilage, R-130823 suppressed the collagen cleavage induced by interleukin-1α and oncostatin M, but not IL-1β-mediated glycosaminoglycan release. These results suggest that activated p38 accelerates cartilage breakdown by enhancing the expression of MMPs responsible for collagen cleavage, which thus implies chondroprotective effects of p38 inhibitors in osteoarthritis. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Wada, Y., Shimada, K., Sugimoto, K., Kimura, T., & Ushiyama, S. (2006). Novel p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor R-130823 protects cartilage by down-regulating matrix metalloproteinase-1,-13 and prostaglandin E2production in human chondrocytes. International Immunopharmacology, 6(2), 144–155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2005.07.009

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