Arteriosclerotic lesions in 207 elephants of known sex and age are described. The lesions were found to increase in number and in calcification with age particularly in the female elephant. Total and free serum cholesterol and serum electrolytes from the blood of 80 elephants are discussed in relation to the development of lesions. Very young animals were found to have high serum cholesterol values; otherwise these levels remained at a relatively constant low level. Serum potassium levels showed a significant drop after the age of 20 years. Serum sodium, calcium and magnesium remained constant in all groups. © 1970.
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