Oxidation of cyclic alcohols by cerium(IV) in acidic medium in the presence of iridium(III) chloride

  • Tandon P
  • Singh A
  • Sahgal S
 et al. 
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Abstract

Kinetic data suggest reduction of CeIVinto CeIIIand elimination of Cl-and H+ions before the rate-determining step in iridium(III) chloride catalyzed oxidation of cyclohexanol and cyclooctanol by cerium(IV) sulphate in aqueous sulphuric acid medium. IrCl3was found to be equal or even a better catalyst compared to ruthenium for oxidations involving ceric ions. Effects of change of concentrations of CeIV, cycloalcohols, IrIII, H+, Cl-and CeIIIon the reaction rate were determined. The order of the reaction changes from one to zero on increasing the concentration of the oxidant. Rate of the reaction was found to follow direct proportionality with respect to catalyst concentrations. Change in the order of reaction from first to zero was observed on increasing the concentration of organic substrate. External addition of H+, Cl-and CeIIIions retards the reaction velocity. Spectrophotometric evidence was provided that it is the cerium and not catalyst, which forms complex with substrate. Parameters such as energy of activation, free energy of activation and entropy data were collected at five different temperatures, which suggest that cyclooctanol is more easily oxidizable compared to cyclohexanol. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Cerium(IV) and Catalysis
  • Cyclic alcohols
  • Iridium(III)
  • Oxidation

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Authors

  • Praveen K. Tandon

  • Alok K. Singh

  • Sumita Sahgal

  • Santosh Kumar

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