Palaeomagnetism of cretaceous sediments from Misool, Northeastern Indonesia

  • Wensink H
  • Hartosukohardjo S
  • Suryana Y
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Palaeomagnetic analysis of Mesozoic pelagic sediments of the island of Misool, northeast Indonesia, showed that a large part of the sediments have very low initial remanence intensities. Progressive demagnetization both with alternating magnetic fields and with heating yielded characteristic remanence directions in two formations: the Waaf Formation of Santonian age revealed the following data: D = 318.1°, I = -33.8°, with a95= 4.9°; the Fafanlap Formation of middle Maastrichtian age gave: D = 176.1°, I = 38.3°, with a95= 5.1°. The fold-test applied to the Waaf Formation was positive. Pole positions derived from the rocks of Misool do not coincide with those of Australian rocks of approximately the same age. Very probably, Misool formed part of the microcontinents that split off from Australia in late Triassic-Jurassic times. In the late Cretaceous Misool was positioned at a palaeolatitude of 20° south. At that time the crustal fragment of Misool was located at least 1000 km to the north-northwest or northwest of Misool's present position, and thus far away from Australia. Since late Cretaceous time Misool has moved northwards, but not as fast as the Australian continent. Misool has undergone an anticlockwise rotation of approximately 20° relative to Australia. © 1989.

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  • Hans Wensink

  • Suharno Hartosukohardjo

  • Yan Suryana

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