Hepatocyte cytoplasmic alterations were morphometrically determined in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats fed PCB congener 126 (3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl) in concentrations of 0.1, 1.0, 10, 100 ppb or corn oil in diets for 13 weeks. A dose-dependent increase (P<0.05) in the volume fraction of smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) and mitochondria was measured in the hepatocytes of the females. However, these cells of the male rats contained a significantly greater baseline volume fraction of SER compared to that in the females. Statistical differences were not detected in the volume fractions of rough endoplasmic reticulum, peroxisomes or lipid droplets of the hepatocytes in either the males or females. We conclude the increase in mitochondrial volume was a necessary cellular adaptation to meet the heightened energy demands by the SER to produce the necessary enzymes to detoxify the PCB. Morphometric analysis rather than a descriptive methodology allowed for a more accurate determination of the liver pathology induced by PCB 126. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
Connell, B. J., Singh, A., & Chu, I. (1999). PCB congener 126-induced ultrastructural alterations in the rat liver: A stereological study. Toxicology, 136(2–3), 107–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0300-483X(99)00062-1