A phase II study of treatment of painful multifocal skeletal metastases with single and repeated dose samarium-153 ethylenediaminetetramethylene phosphonate

  • Turner J
  • Claringbold P
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Abstract

A phase II study of153Sm ethylenediaminetetramethylene phosphonate (153Sm-EDTMP) palliative treatment was conducted on 23 patients with painful disseminated skeletal metastases. The administered activity of153Sm-EDTMP was determined by prospective dosimetry and the radiation absorbed dose to bone marrow was fixed at 2 Gy. Symptomatic relief of bone pain was experienced by 14 of 23 evaluable patients (61%) with a median duration of 8 weeks (range 0-40). Toxicity was limited to myelosuppression with median nadir counts of leucocytes 3.3 × 109/l (range 1.0-7.5) and platelets 133 × 109/l (range 24-176) occurring at 2 weeks and 4 weeks, respectively. Retreatment with153Sm-EDTMP was studied in 15 patients, including in 4 of the 23 patients treated with a single dose. The retreatment median radiation absorbed dose to red marrow was 1.9 Gy given at a median of 9 weeks (range 6-38) after initial treatment. Good control of pain was obtained in 13 of these patients (87%). Both the median duration of pain control (24 weeks) and survival (9 months) in the retreated group were substantially greater than for patients treated with a single dose, where duration was 8 weeks and survival 4 months. Additional toxicity in the retreated patients was confined to anaemia which required blood transfusion in 9 of the 15 patients (60%). © 1991.

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Authors

  • J. Harvey Turner

  • Phillip G. Claringbold

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