Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (TPA) augmented the effects of forskolin, and inhibited the effects of isoproterenol on cAMP accumulation in mouse parotid acini. Treatment of intact cells with the phosphodiesterase inhibitor, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (MIX), blocked TPA inhibition of isoproterenol but not forskolin-stimulated cAMP accumulation. TPA also caused the translocation of protein kinase C (PKC) from cytosol to membrane. Pre-treatment of parotid acini with TPA for 30 min enhanced the forskolin and isoproterenol-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in isolated parotid membranes. Addition of purified PKC (nPKC) to parotid membranes mimicked the effects of TPA in increasing cAMP synthesis; the effects were blocked in the absence of calcium and phospholipid, and in the presence of the systhetic peptide (PKC 19-36). Purified PKC also mimicked the effects of TPA in augmenting forskolin and isoproterenol-stimulated adenylate cyclase activities in the cell-free system. Data suggest that the differential regulation of forskolin and isoproterenol-stimulated cAMP accumulation by TPA results from modification of enzymes that synthesize and degrade cAMP. © 1993.
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