Polarity reversal of N20 and P23 somatosensory evoked potentials between scalp and depth recordings

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From depth and scalp electrodes, we recorded MN-SSEPs of a 33-year-old man with right parietal dysfunction and refractory right temporal seizures. A depth lead with 8 electrodes was implanted deep in each parietal-temporal region. Stimulation and recording parameters followed American EEG Society guidelines. Scalp recordings had well-defined P9, P13-14, N18, N20, and P23 potentials with normal conduction times bilaterally. Depth recordings showed potentials of greater number, voltage, and coherence. P13-14 and N18 were recorded at all depth sites with latencies similar to those at the scalp. N18 had markedly greater voltage and duration near the thalamus, with multiple fast components on its ascending phase. In the deep parietal region there was a positivity corresponding to the scalp N20 and a negative potential equal in latency to scalp P23. These findings support an origin of P13-14 caudal to the thalamus, multiple thalamic and possibly rostral brain-stem generators for N18, and generation of N20 and P23 in sensory cortex or subjacent white matter. © 1991.




Vanderzant, C. W., Beydoun, A. A., Domer, P. A., Hood, T. W., & Abou-Khalil, B. W. (1991). Polarity reversal of N20 and P23 somatosensory evoked potentials between scalp and depth recordings. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 78(3), 234–239. https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(91)90038-6

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